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Grape seed extract for control of human enteric viruses.

Grape seed extract for control of human enteric viruses.

No. Divisions/Titles for Abstract Details

1 Abstract Title Grape seed extract for control of human enteric viruses.

2 Abstract Source Applied and environmental microbiology, 77, 3982-3987.

3 Abstract Author(s) Su, X. & D'souza, D. H.

4 Article Affiliation Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Tennessee—Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-4591.

5 Abstract Grape seed extract (GSE) is reported to have many pharmacological benefits, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, and antimicrobial properties. However, the effect of this inexpensive rich source of natural phenolic compounds on human enteric viruses has not been well documented. In the present study, the effect of commercial GSE, Gravinol-S, on the infectivity of human enteric virus surrogates (feline calicivirus, FCV-F9; murine norovirus, MNV-1; and bacteriophage MS2) and hepatitis A virus (HAV; strain HM175) was evaluated. GSE at concentrations of 0.5, 1, and 2 mg/ml was individually mixed with equal volumes of each virus at titers of ∼7 log10 PFU/ml or ∼5 log10 PFU/ml and incubated for 2 h at room temperature or 37°C. The infectivity of the recovered viruses after triplicate treatments was evaluated by standardized plaque assays. At high titers (∼7 log10 PFU/ml), FCV-F9 was significantly reduced by 3.64, 4.10, and 4.61 log10 PFU/ml; MNV-1 by 0.82, 1.35, and 1.73 log10 PFU/ml; MS2 by 1.13, 1.43, and 1.60 log10 PFU/ml; and HAV by 1.81, 2.66, and 3.20 log10PFU/ml after treatment at 37°C with 0.25, 0.50, and 1 mg/ml GSE, respectively (P< 0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. GSE treatment of low titers (∼5 log10PFU/ml) at 37°C also showed viral reductions. Room-temperature treatments with GSE caused significant reduction of the four viruses, with higher reduction for low-titer FCV-F9, MNV-1, and HAV compared to high titers. Our results indicate that GSE shows promise for application in the food industry as an inexpensive novel natural alternative to reduce viral contamination and enhance food safety.

6 Summary -

7 Article Published Date 2011.

8 Study Type Invitro.

9 Substances Grape seed.

10 Diseases Viral infection.

11 Pharmacological Actions Antiviral.

12 Link

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