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Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) As a Valuable Medicinal Plant.

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) As a Valuable Medicinal Plant.



 

         
  No. Divisions/Titles for Abstract Details  
  1 Abstract Title Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) As a Valuable Medicinal Plant.
 
  2 Abstract Source International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research, 1, 922-931.
 
  3 Abstract Author(s) Didarshetaban, M. B., Pour, S. & Reza, H. 
 
  4 Article Affiliation Department of Pharmacology, Iranian Society of Physiology and Pharmacology, Tehran, Iran.
 
  5 Abstract

Fenugreek is an medicinal plant that use in disease some therapy. This plant use for blood lipids (Blood lipids are mainly fatty acids and cholesterol. Hyperlipidemia is the presence of elevated or abnormal levels of lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood, and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease)and sugar decreasing in diabetic (commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.)and non diabetic peoples and have antioxidant (An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, leading to chain reactions that may damage cells) and antibacterial (active against bacteria.)activity. The plant contains active constituents such as alkaloids, (Alkaloids are a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms)flavonoids,(Flavonoids (specifically flavanoids such as the catechins) are "the most common group of polyphenolic compounds in the human diet and are found ubiquitously in plants". Flavonols, the original bioflavonoids such as quercetin, are also found ubiquitously, but in lesser quantities.) steroids, (A steroid is an organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration. Examples include the dietary lipid cholesterol, the sex hormones estradiol and testosterone and the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone.)Saponins (Saponins are a class of chemical compounds found in particular abundance in various plant species)etc. It is an old medicinal plant. It has been commonly used as a traditional food and medicine. Fenugreek is known to have hypoglycemic,(low blood glucose level) and hypocholesterolaemic, (is the presence of abnormally low (hypo-) levels of cholesterol in the blood (-emia). Although the presence of high total cholesterol (hyper-cholesterolemia) correlates with cardiovascular disease, a defect in the body's production of cholesterol can lead to adverse consequences as well.) effects, Anti-inflammatory effects. Recent research has identified fenugreek as a valuable medicinal plant with potential for curing diseases and also as a source for preparing raw materials of pharmaceutical industry, like in steroidal hormones.(A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone. Steroid hormones can be grouped into two classes: corticosteroids (typically made in the adrenal cortex, hence cortico-) and sex steroids (typically made in the gonads or placenta)) Since fenugreek is a self-pollinated crop, a mutation breeding method can be used to generate mutants with a determinate growth habit. Irradiation and chemical mutagens (In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.)can be used to produce point mutations in fenugreek.

 
  6 Summary Fenugreek has a powerful demulcent action, as it is rich in mucilage.and it can soothe irritated or inflamed tissue. For relief from the agonizing symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, colitis and diverticulitis, the ‘soak-and-rinse water’ is drunk and the sprouts blended to a liquid. 
 
  7 Article Published Date 2013.  
  8 Study Type Review.  
  9 Substances Fenugreek.  
  10 Diseases IBS.  
  11 Pharmacological Actions Treatment of IBS.  
  12 Link https://goo.gl/81uyJz
 
         

 


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